Isolated double-orifice mitral valve in a young girl

Niloufar Samiei, Hooman Dehghan, Maryam Pourmojib, Ahmad Mohebbi, Saeid Hosseini, Yousef Rezaei


BACKGROUND: Double-orifice mitral valve (DOMV) is an extremely rare cardiac malformation. It has been found to be accompanied by congenital anomalies (CAs), however, it can be detected as an isolated anomaly. The clinical findings of a DOMV are variable and depend predominantly on the associated cardiac abnormalities, particularly atrioventricular septal defects or mitral valve (MV) regurgitation and/or stenosis.

CASE REPORT: In this regard, we describe an isolated DOMV in an 18-year-old young girl who complained of a short-term nonspecific chest pain. She underwent transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiographic examinations. The examinations revealed a DOMV without any valvular or structural malformations. Other examinations were unremarkable. The patient did need neither medical nor surgical interventions.

CONCLUSION: The isolated cases of DOMV do not need therapy and might be only followed up using echocardiographic examinations. However, a careful echocardiographic examination for detection of concomitant structural malformations would be of great importance in the management of such cases.



Double Orifice Mitral Valve; Mitral Valve Disease; Congenital Heart DiseaseEchocardiography, Heart Valve Disease; Mitral Valve; Congenital Heart Defects

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